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Faculty of Asian and Middle Eastern Studies

Part II

This paper serves as an introduction to the history of the Persianate world - the region stretching from the Euphrates to the Oxus rivers, and including the Iranian plateau and the Indian subcontinent - during the early modern period. Although this region was and continues to be ethnically, linguistically, and religiously diverse, from the fourteenth century into the nineteenth century, the empires which ruled much of the area - the Timurids, Safavids, Mughals, Afsharids, and Qajars - all used Persian as their courtly and administrative language, and were all deeply influenced by the political and cultural legacy of Timur (known in the West as Tamerlane).