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Prof. Charles Melville

History and historiography of medieval Iran; Text-image studies of Persian manuscripts
Prof. Charles Melville

Professor of Persian History

Fellow of Pembroke College

Director, Shahnama Project

President, The Islamic Manuscript Association

Vice-President, British Institute of Persian Studies


Born London on 10 May 1951, educated at Wellington College and Pembroke College, Cambridge (1969-72), BA Hons. (1st) in Oriental Studies (Arabic & Persian); University R.A. Nicholson Prize, Pembroke College E.G. Browne Prize (1972).  MA (Islamic History), London SOAS (1972-3). PhD, Cambridge, on “The historical seismicity of Iran from the 7th to the 17th century” (1978).  Research Assistant, Imperial College, London (1974-82); seismic hazard research consultant, CEGB-Nuclear Electric, etc. (1982-86); Assistant Lecturer in Oriental Studies, Cambridge (1984-8); University Lecturer (1988-2001); Reader (2001-8); Professor of Persian History (2008-present). Fellow of Pembroke College (1985-present).

He has been a long-serving member of the Governing Council of the British Institute of Persian Studies and chairman of the Research Committee, and is currently Vice-President. He has also served on the Board of the Societas Iranologica Europaea (1995-2003). Since 1999, he has been Director of the Shahnama Project, and since 2006 he has been President of The Islamic Manuscript Association (TIMA), both based in Cambridge. In 2010 he was behind an exhibition of Persian manuscripts and paintings of the Shahnama (Persian Book of Kings) at the Fitzwilliam Museum in Cambridge. He has travelled widely in Central Asia and Iran (both before and after the Islamic Revolution).

Subject groups/Research projects

Arabic & Persian Studies:

Research Interests

Professor Melville’s main research interests are in the history and historiography of medieval Iran, with a concentration on the Mongol–Safavid periods (13th-17th centuries), and text-image studies of Persian manuscripts, particularly the Shahnama of Firdausi and historical texts (chronicles).

Recent publications include edited volumes of Safavid Persia (1996), Shahnama Studies (2006) and Shahnama Studies II (2012), and ‘Millennium of the Shahnama of Firdausi’ (Iranian Studies, 2010, with Firuza Abdullaeva). Co-authored books include The Persian Book of Kings. Ibrahim Sultan’s Shahnama (2008, also with Firuza Abdullaeva) and Epic of the Kings. The art of Ferdowsi’s Shahnameh (2010, with Barbara Brend). Edited volumes on Persian Historiography (vol. X of the History of Persian Literature) and Kingship from Antiquity to the Medieval World ('Every Inch a King', with Lynette Mitchell) were published in 2012, and The Mongols' Middle East: Continuity and transformation in Ilkhanid Iran (with Bruno de Nicola) in 2016.

A Chronicle of the reign of Shah ‘Abbas. Fazli Beg Khuzani Isfahani, was published in 2015, with Kioumars Ghereghlou.

Other Professional Activities

Professor Melville is currently on sabbatical leave in 2017 and a Fellow at the Centre for the Study of Manuscript Cultures, Hamburg University, from January to March.

Key Publications

(Joint ed.) The Mongols' Middle East: Continuity and transformation in Ilkhanid Iran, Leiden 2016 [with Bruno de Nicola]

(Joint ed.) Every Inch a King: Comparative studies on kings and kingship in the ancient and medieval worlds, Leiden 2012 [with L. Mitchell] (link to PDF attached)

 (ed.) Persian Historiography. A History of Persian Literature X, London 2012.

 The Seismicity of Egypt, Arabica and the Red Sea: A historical perspective, Cambridge 1994 [with N.N. Ambraseys and R.D. Adams]; reissued in paperback in 2005; pp. 181.

A History of Persian earthquakes, Cambridge 1982 [with N.N. Ambraseys]; reissued in paperback, 2005; pp. 219. (Persian translation published in Tehran 1991)


See more here (link to PDF)

Books & monographs

1. A History of Persian Earthquakes, Cambridge 1982 [with N.N. Ambraseys]; reissued in paperback, 2005; pp. 219

2. Christians and Moors in Spain, III, Warminster 1992 [with Ahmad Ubaydli], pp. 202

3. The seismicity of Egypt, Arabia and the Red Sea: a historical review, Cambridge 1994 [with N.N. Ambraseys and R.D. Adams]; reissued as paperback, 2005; pp. 181

4. The fall of Amir Chupan and the decline of the Ilkhanate, 1327-37: A decade of discord in late Mongol Iran. Papers on Inner Asia, no. 30. Bloomington, Indiana 1999, pp. 90

5. The Persian Book of Kings. Ibrahim Sultan’s Shahnama, Oxford: Bodleian Library, 2008 [with F. Abdullaeva], pp. 142

6. Epic of the Persian Kings. The art of Ferdowsi’s Shahnameh, London 2010 [with Barbara Brend], pp. 270

Edited books and journals

1. Editor: Persian and Islamic Studies in Honour of P.W. Avery, Pembroke Papers 1, Cambridge 1990

2. Editor: Safavid Persia, Pembroke Papers 4, Cambridge 1996

3. Editor: Mediaeval and Modern Persian Studies, Proceedings of the 3rd Conference of Iranian Studiesvol. 2, Wiesbaden 1999

4. Joint editor: Cambridge History of Iran, vol. VII: From Nadir Shah to the Islamic Republic, Cambridge 1991 [with P.W. Avery and G.R.G. Hambly]

5. Joint Guest Editor: Persian local histories, Special Issue of Iranian Studies 33/i-ii (2000) [with Jürgen Paul]

6. Joint editor: Images of Persia. Photographs by Laurence Lockhart 1920s-1950s, Cambridge 2002 [with Jim Bamberg]

7. Editor: Shahnama Studies 1, Pembroke Papers 5, Cambridge 2006

8. Joint Guest Editor: Millennium of the Shahnama. Special Issue of Iranian Studies 43/i (2010) [with F. Abdullaeva]

Selected papers

1. “The seismicity of Kuhistan, Iran”, Geographical Journal 143/ii (1977), pp. 179 99 [with N.N. Ambraseys].

2. “Earthquakes in the history of Nishapur”, Iran 18 (1980), pp. 103 20 [Persian trans. publ. in Ayandeh 19 (1372/1994), pp. 888-913].

3. “Historical monuments and earthquakes in Tabriz”, Iran 19 (1981), pp. 159 77.

4. “Seismicity of Yemen”, Nature 303 (1983), pp. 321 3 [with N.N. Ambraseys].

5. “The 1934 floods in Tabriz, N.W. Iran”, Disasters 7/ii (1983), pp. 107 17 [reprinted in Ekistics 308 (1984), pp. 406-13].

6. “Meteorological hazards and disasters in Iran: a preliminary survey to 1950”, Iran 22 (1984), pp. 113-50.

7. “Sismicité historique de la Mer Rouge septentrionale”, in Tremblements de terre: histoire et archéologie, Valbonne (1984), pp. 95-107.

8. “An analysis of the eastern Mediterranean earthquake of 20 May 1202”, in W.H.K. Lee, H. Meyers and K. Shimazaki (eds), Historical seismograms and earthquakes of the world, Academic Press: New York 1988, pp. 181-201 [with N. Ambraseys].

9. “The Persian famine of 1870 1872: prices and politics”, Disasters 12/iv (1988), pp. 309 25 [revised reprint as “The Persian famine of 1870 72: prices and politics”, in C. Geissler and D.J. Oddy (eds), Food, diet and economic change past and present, Leicester University Press 1993, pp. 133-50].

10. “Evidence for intraplate earthquakes in northwestern Arabia”, Bull. Seism. Soc. Amer. 79/iv (1989), pp. 1279-81 [with N.N. Ambraseys].

11. “The itineraries of Sultan Öljeitü, 1304 1316”, Iran 28 (1990), pp. 55-70.

12. “Padshah i Islam: the conversion of Sultan Mahmud Ghazan Khan”, Pembroke Papers 1 (1990), pp. 159-77.

13. “Saladin’s Hattin letter”, in B.Z. Kedar (ed.), The Horns of Hattin, Jerusalem and London 1992, pp. 208 12 [with M.C. Lyons].

14. “The Year of the Elephant: Mamluk Mongol rivalry in the Hejaz in the reign of Abu Sa‘id (1317 1335)”, Studia Iranica 21/ii (1992), pp. 197-214.

15. “The Chinese Uighur animal calendar in Persian historiography of the Mongol period”, Iran 32 (1994), pp. 83-98.

16. “From Qars to Qandahar: the itineraries of Shah ‘Abbas I (995 1038/1587 1629)”, in J. Calmard (ed.), Etudes Safavides, Tehran Paris 1993 [1995], pp. 195-224.

17. “The Barbarians civilized? A look at the acculturation of the Mongols in Iran”, Isfahan University Research Bulletin 6/i ii (March 1995), pp. 28-39.

18. “Historical evidence of faulting in Eastern Anatolia and Northern Syria”, Annali di Geofisica 38/iii iv (Sept. Oct. 1995), pp. 337-43 [with N.N. Ambraseys].

19. “The contribution of Arabic sources to the history of mediaeval Iran”, in Sociétés et cultures musulmanes d'hier et aujord'hui, Les chantiers de la recherche, Strasbourg, 30 juin 3 juillet 1994, AFEMAM Lettre d'information no. 10, Paris 1996, pp. 313-17.

20. “'Sometimes by the sword, sometimes by the dagger': the role of the Isma‘ilis in Mamluk Mongol relations in the 8th/14th century”, in F. Daftary (ed.), Medieval Isma‘ili history and thought, Cambridge 1996, pp. 247-63.

21. “Shah ‘Abbas and the pilgrimage to Mashhad”, in C. Melville (ed.), Safavid Persia. Pembroke Papers 4 (1996), pp. 191-229.

22. “Wolf or Shepherd? Amir Chupan’s attitude to government”, in J. Raby and T. Fitzherbert (eds), The Court of the Il khans, 1290 1340, Oxford Studies in Islamic Art 12 (1996), pp. 79-93.

23. “Abu Sa‘id and the revolt of the amirs in 1319”, in D. Aigle (ed.), L’Iran face à la domination mongole, Tehran Paris 1997, pp. 89-120.

24. “Hamd Allah Mustawfi’s Zafarnamah and the historiography of the late Ilkhanid period”, in K. Eslami (ed.), Iran and Iranian Studies: Essays in honor of Iraj Afshar, Princeton 1998, pp. 1-12.

25. “The Ilkhan Öljeitü's conquest of Gilan (1307): rumour and reality”, in R. Amitai Preiss & D.O. Morgan (eds), The Mongol empire and its legacy, Leiden 1999, pp. 73-125.

26. “A lost source for the reign of Shah ‘Abbas: the Afzal al-tawarikh of Fazli Khuzani Isfahani”, Iranian Studies 31/ii (1998) [1999], pp. 263-65.

27. “History: from the Saljuqs to the Aq Qoyunlu (ca. 1000-1500 C.E.)”, Iranian Studies 31/iii-iv (1998) [2000], pp. 473-82 [review article].

28. “From Adam to Abaqa: Qadi Baidawi’s rearrangement of history (part I)”, Studia Iranica 30/i (2001), pp. 67-86.

29. “Persian local histories: views from the wings”, Iranian Studies 33/i-ii (Winter-Spring 2000 [2001]), pp. 7-14.

30. “The Caspian provinces: a world apart. Three local histories of Mazandaran”, Iranian Studies 33/i-ii (Winter-Spring 2000 [2001]), pp. 45-91.

31. “Laurence Lockhart and Persia”, in J. Bamberg & Ch. Melville (eds), Images of Persia. Photographs by Laurence Lockhart 1920s-1930s, Cambridge 2002, pp. 5-10 [with J. Bamberg].

32. “Historical seismicity and tectonics: the case of the Eastern Mediterranean and the Middle East”, in William H.K. Lee et al. (eds), International handbook of earthquake & engineering seismology, Part A, Amsterdam 2002, pp. 747-63 [with N.N. Ambraseys & J.A. Jackson].

33. “The Mongols in Iran”, in Linda Komaraoff and Stefano Carboni (eds), The legacy of Genghis Khan. Courtly art and culture in Western Asia, 1256-1353, Newhaven and London 2002, pp. 37-61.

34. “New light on the reign of Shah ‘Abbas: volume III of the Afdal al-tavarikh”, in A. Newman (ed.), Society and culture in the early modern Middle East: Studies in Iran in the Safavid period, Leiden 2003, pp. 63-96.

35. “History and myth: the Persianisation of Ghazan Khan”, in É. Jeremías (ed.), Irano-Turkic cultural contacts in the 11th-17th centuries, Piliscsaba 2003, pp. 133-60.

36. “The early Persian historiography of Anatolia”, in Judith Pfeiffer & Sholeh A. Quinn (eds), History and historiography of post-Mongol Central Asia and the Middle East. Studies in honor of John E. Woods, Wiesbaden 2006, pp. 135-66.

37. “The Keshig in Iran: the survival of the royal Mongol Household”, in Linda Komaroff (ed.), Beyond the Legacy of Genghis Khan, Leiden 2006, pp. 135-64.

38. “Text and image in the story of Bizhan and Manizha, I”, in Ch. Melville (ed.), Shahnama Studies 1, Pembroke Papers 5, Cambridge 2006, pp. 71-96.

39. “Ibn Husam’s Hāvarān-nāma and the Šāh-nāma of Firdausī”, in Liber Amicorum. Etudes sur l’Iran medieval et moderne offertes à Jean Calmard, ed. M. Bernardini, M. Haneda and M. Szuppe, Eurasian Studies 5/i-ii (2006), pp. 219-34 [2007].

40. “From Adam to Abaqa: Qadi Baidawi’s rearrangement of history (part II)”, Studia Iranica 36/i (2007), pp. 7-64 [reprinted with Persian trans. together with part I, by Mohammad Reza Tahmasbi, Tehran 2008].

41. “Qadi Baidawi’s Nizam al-tawarikh in the Safina-yi Tabriz: an early witness of the text” in A.A. Seyed-Gohrab & S. McGlinn (eds), A treasury from Tabriz: The great Ilkhanid compendium, Amsterdam 2007, pp. 92-102.

42. “From Tabriz to Herat: Persian historiography in the 15th century”, in M. Ritter, R. Kauz & B. Hoffmann (eds), Iran und iranisch geprägte Kulturen: Studien zum 65. Geburtstag von Bert G. Fragner [Iran and Iraniate cultures: Studies for Bert G. Fragner on his 65th birthday], Wiesbaden: Dr Ludwig Reichert Verlag, 2008, pp. 28-38.

43. “Between Firdausi and Rashid al-Din. Persian verse chronicles of the Mongol period”, Studia Islamica, 104-105 (2007 [2008]), pp. 45-65.

44. “Anatolia under the Mongols”, in K. Fleet (ed.), Cambridge History of Turkey, vol. I, Cambridge 2009, pp. 51-101.

45. “Shahnama: The Millennium of an Epic Masterpiece”, Iranian Studies 43/i (2010), pp. 1-11 (with F. Abdullaeva).

46. “Genealogy and exemplary rulership in the Tarikh-i Chingiz Khan”, in Y. Suleiman (ed.), Living Islamic History. Studies in honour of Professor Carole Hillenbrand, Edinburgh 2010, pp. 129-50.

47. “The ‘Shahnameh’ in historical context”, in Barbara Brend and Charles Melville, Epic of the Persian Kings. The art of Ferdowsi’s Shahnameh, London 2010, pp. 3-15.

48. “Serial killers: the mise-en-page of Firdausi’s ‘Davazdah rukh’”, Persica 23 (2009-10), pp. 73-107.

49. “Foreword”, in Manfred Milz (ed.), Painting the Persian Book of Kings today. Ancient text and modern images, Cambridge 2010, pp. 11-20.

50. “The illustration of history in Safavid manuscript painting”, in Colin P. Mitchell (ed.) New Perspectives on Safavid Iran: Empire and Society, London 2011, pp. 163-97.

51. “Introduction”, pp. xxv-lvi;  “The historian at work”, pp. 56-100; “The Mongol and Timurid periods”, pp. 155-208; “Safavid historiography” (with Sholeh A. Quinn), pp. 209-57, in Persian Historiography, ed. C. Melville, A History of Persian Literature, ed. E. Yarshater, vol. X, London, 2012.

52. “The landscape of Persian art”, in The Sarikhani collection. An introduction, London, 2012, pp. 120-26.

53. “Introduction”, in C. Melville & G. van den Berg (eds), The reception of Firdausi’s Shahnama, Shahnama Studies II, Leiden, 2012, pp. 1-8.

54. "The Russian reception of Khayyam: From text to image", in The Great Umar Khayyam: A global reception of the Rubaiyat, ed. A.A. Seyed Gohrab, Leiden, 2012, pp. 161-88 (with F. Abdullaeva and N. Chalisova)

55. "The Shahnama and the Persian ‘Arts of the Book’”, in Dar al-Athar al-Islamiyya, Kuwait, 2012.

56. “The ‘Arts of the Book’ and the diffusion of Persian Culture”, in Susan Scollay (ed.), Persian Cultural Crossroads. The La Trobe Journal 91 (June 2013), pp. 6-21.

57.  “ ‘Every Inch a King’. Kings and kingship in the ancient and medieval worlds”, in Lynette Mitchell & Charles Melville (eds), Every Inch a King: Comparative studies on kings and kingship in the ancient and medieval worlds, Leiden, 2013, pp. 1-21 (with L. Mitchell).

58. “The Royal image in Mongol Iran”, in Lynette Mitchell & Charles Melville (eds), Every Inch a King: Comparative studies on kings and kingship in the ancient and medieval worlds, Leiden, 2013, pp. 343-69.

59.  “The itineraries of Shahrukh b. Timur (1405-47)”, in D. Durand-Guédy (ed.), Turko-Mongol Rulers, Cities and City Life, Leiden, 2013, pp. 285-315.

60. “The story of Furūd in the Shāhnāma and elsewhere and the apportionment of blame”, in Olga M. Davidson & Marianna Shreve Simpson (eds), Ferdowsi’s Shāhnāma: Millennial Perspectives (ILEX Foundation, Boston, MA & Center for Hellenic Studies, Washington, DC) Distributed by Harvard University Press, 2013, pp. 58-71.

61. “Rubrics and chapter headings in the Shahnameh”, Nameh-ye Baharestan NS 1 (2013), pp. 236-47.

62. “Reflections of Iran’s contacts with the East in Firdausi’s Shahnama: Textual and visual evidence”, in Iranian influences on oecumenic cultural exchanges, KACAS International Conference, Korean Association for Central Asian Studies, 2013, pp. 35-43.

63.  “Northern Iraq: Historical and political context”, in Rachel Ward (ed.), Court and craft. A masterpiece from Northern Iraq, London: Courtauld, 2014, pp. 16-22.

64.  “Fantasy and animal fables: the illustration of Persian literature in English”, Anglistik. International Journal of English Studies 25/1 (2014), pp. 45-60.

65.  “ ‘Ali Yazdi and the Shāhnāme”, in Forogh Hashabeiky (ed.), International Shāhnāme Conference: The second millennium. Conference volume, Uppsala, 2014, pp. 117-33.

66.  “Gazurgahi’s Majalis al-‘ushshaq, Amir Khusrau Dihlavi and Fakhr al-Din ‘Iraqi”, in Azarmi Dukht Safavi (ed.), Sufistic literature in Persian: Tradition and dimensions. Volume of papers presented in the seminar, vol. II, Aligarh, 2014, pp. 28-37. 

67. “Persian studies in Britain: a brief review”, in Didgah: New Perspectives on UK-Iran cultural relations, ed. Nick Wadham-Smith & Danny Whitehead, London: British Council, 2015, pp. 30-46 [with Firuza Melville].

68. “The Shahnama Project: a digital index of illustrated manuscripts”, Book 2.0 4/1-2 (2014 [2015]), pp. 31-46.

69.  “Editors’ Preface”, in A Chronicle of the reign of Shah ‘Abbas. Fazli Beg Khuzani Isfahani, ed. Kioumars Ghereghlou (Gibb Memorial Trust, 2015), pp. xi-lxx [with Kioumars Ghereghlou].

70. “The horrors of war and the arts of peace: Images of battle in Persian manuscripts”, in Kurt Franz & Wolfgang Holzwarth (eds), Nomad military power in Iran and adjacent areas in the Islamic period. Nomaden und Sesshafte 18, Wiesbaden: Reichert, 2015, pp. 155-91.

71. “Rashīd al-Dīn and the Shāhnāmeh”, in The Mongols and post-Mongol Asia. Studies in Honour of David O. Morgan. JRAS 26/1-2 (2016), pp. 201-14.

72.   “The end of the Ilkhanate and after. Observations on the collapse of the Mongol World Empire”, in Bruno de Nicola & Charles Melville (eds), The Mongols’ Middle East: Continuity and Transformation in Ilkhanid Iran, Leiden, 2016, pp. 309-35. 

73. “The Shâhnâmeh manuscript tradition: The next 1000 years?”, in Sunil Sharma and Burzine Waghmar (eds), Firdawsii Millennium Indicum: Proceedings of the Shahnama Millenary Seminar, The K R Cama Oriental Institute, Mumbai, 8-9 January, 2011, Mumbai, 2016, pp. 19-34. 

74.  “The illustration of the Turko-Mongol era in the Berlin Diez albums”, in Julia Gonnella, Friedrike Weis & Christoph Rauch (eds), The Diez Albums. Contexts and contents, Leiden, 2016, pp. 221-42.

75.  “New light on Shah ‘Abbas and the construction of Isfahan”, Muqarnas 33 (2016), pp. 155-76.


Encyclopaedia articles

1. “Bologan Katun”, Encyclopaedia Iranica IV/4 (1989), pp. 338 9

2. “Chobanids”, Encyclopaedia Iranica V/4 (1991), pp. 496 502 [with A. Zaryab]

3. “Coban”, Encyclopaedia Iranica V/8 (1992), pp. 875 8

4. “Delsad Katun”, Encyclopaedia Iranica VII/3 (1995), p. 255

5. “Demasq Kvaja”, Encyclopaedia Iranica VII/3 (1995), pp. 256 7

6. “Sarbadarids”, Encyclopaedia of Islam IX/1 (1995), pp. 47 9

7. “Doquz Katun”, Encyclopaedia Iranica VII/5 (1996), pp. 475 6

8. “Ebn Esfandiar”, Encyclopaedia Iranica, VIII/1 (1997), pp. 20 3

9. “Ebn al Fuati”, Encyclopaedia Iranica, VIII/1 (1997), pp. 25 6

10. “Ebn al Teqtaqa”, Encyclopaedia Iranica VIII/1 (1997), pp. 58 9

11. “Abu'l Fadl ‘Allami”, “Bayhaki” and “al Biruni”, in D.R Woolf (ed.), A Global Encyclopedia of Historical Writing, London and New York 1998, pp. 3, 78, 92.

12. “Floods ii. Historical survey”, in Encyclopaedia Iranica X/1 (1999), pp. 42-3

13. “Gazan-nama”, in Encyclopaedia Iranica X/4 (2000), p. 383

14. “Giat al Din Mohammad”, in Encyclopaedia Iranica X/6 (2001), pp. 598-9 [with P. Jackson]

15. “Zalzala”, in Encyclopaedia of Islam XI/185-6 (2002), pp. 428-32

16. “Great Britain x. Iranian Studies in Britain: Islamic period”, in Encyclopaedia Iranica XI/3 (2002), pp. 260-67

17. “Hafez-e Abru”, in Encyclopaedia Iranica XI/5 (2003), pp. 507-9 [with M.E. Subtelny]

18. “Hamd-Allah Mostawfi”, in Encyclopaedia Iranica XI/6 (2003), pp. 631-4

19. “Historiography iv. Mongol period”, in Encyclopaedia Iranica XII/4 (2004), pp. 348-56

20. “Jahangosa-ye Jovayni”, in Encyclopaedia Iranica, XIV/4 (2008), pp. 378-82

21. “Jahan Temür”, in Encyclopaedia Iranica, XIV/4 (2008), pp. 385-6

22. “Jame‘ al-tawarik”, in Encyclopaedia Iranica, XIV/5 (2008), pp. 462-8

23. “Jarči”, in Encyclopaedia Iranica, XIV/6 (2008), pp. 580-81

Other brief essays

1. “Edward Fitzgerald and the Rubaiyat of Omar Khayyam”, A concert of European and Arabic music. Programme, Cambridge 1990

2. Obituary of John Cooper, Iranian Studies 30/iii-iv (1997), pp.413-15

3. “A unique Persian manuscript”, Christ’s College Magazine, no. 226, Cambridge 2001, pp. 48-49

4. “Laurence Lockhart: Persian scholar and photographer”, Pembroke College Gazette, no. 75, Cambridge 2001, pp. 25-31

5. “Preface”, in D. Sneath (ed.), Imperial statecraft. Political forms and techniques of governance in Inner Asia, sixth-twentieth centuries, Bellingham, W. Washington 2006, pp. vii-x

6. Obituary of Peter Avery, Iran 47 (2009), pp. v-vi

Book reviews

1. “Encyclopaedia Iranica, vol. I”, JRAS (1987)/ii, pp. 342 4

2. “Sa‘di, a Persian humanist”, BSOAS 51/iii (1988), pp. 568 9

3. “Qajar Persia: eleven studies”, JRAS (1988)/ii, p.416

4. “Encyclopaedia Iranica, vol. II”, JRAS (1989)/i, pp. 148 9

5. “An introduction to Islam”, Jnl Semitic Stud. 34/i (1989), pp. 222 3

6. “The combined new Persian English and English Persian dictionary”, Bull. BRISMES 16/i (1989), pp. 104 5

7. “The tragedy of Sohrab and Rostam”, BSOAS 53/iii (1990), pp. 524 5

8. “The Great Islamic Encyclopaedia, vol. I”, JRAS (1990)/ii, pp. 383 4 [trans. into Persian in Ayandeh (1992), pp. 872 3]

9. “A history of the Seljuks”, Brit. Jnl M.E. Stud. 18/i (1991), pp. 107 9

10. “The rise and rule of Tamerlane”, BSOAS 54/iii (1991), pp. 604 5

11. “A Persian Requiem”, Brit. Jnl M.E. Stud. 18/ii (1991), pp. 268 9

12. “The sea of precious virtues”, Times Literary Supplement 24 January 1992, p.12

13. “Encyclopaedia Iranica, vols. III and IV”, JRAS 2/i (1992), pp. 83 4

14. “Iranian Jewry during the Afghan invasion”, JRAS 2/ii (1992), pp. 286 8

15. “Epic and sedition: the case of Ferdowsi’s Shahnameh”, Times Literary Supplement 15 January 1993, p.12

16. “Islam and the West”, Times Literary Supplement 9 July 1993, p.32

17. “The civilizations of Asia and the Middle East before the European challenge”, Brit. Jnl M.E. Stud. 20/i (1993), pp. 98 100

18. “Persian literature, V/i: poetry to ca. A.D. 1100”, BSOAS 56/iii (1993), pp. 600 1

19. “The Great Islamic Encyclopaedia, vols. 2, 3 and 4”, JRAS 3rd ser. 4/ii (July 1994), pp. 264 6 [Persian trans. pub. in Kelk, 55-6 (1373/1995), pp. 178-82]

20. “The Caliphate in the West”, JRAS 5/i (March 1995), pp. 106 7

21. “Khomeinism” and “Islam and the post revolutionary state in Iran”, Journal of Islamic Studies 6/ii (July 1995), pp. 306 9

22. “Mongols and Mamluks”, T.L.S. 4844 (2 Feb. 1996), p. 12

23. “Twilight of Majesty”, T.L.S. 4869 (26 July 1996), p. 28

24. “Baku Documents”, Turkish Area Studies Group News no. 43 (November 1996), pp. 4 6

25. “Early Mamluk diplomacy”, JRAS 3 ser., 6/iii (November 1996), pp. 425 6

26. “Mongols and Mamluks”, The English Historical Review 112 no. 446 (April 1997), pp. 444 5

27. “Islamization and native religion in the Golden Horde”, JRAS 3rd ser., 7/i (April 1997), pp. 177 80

28. “A journey to Persia”, BSOAS 60/ii (1997), pp. 376-8

29. “The History of the Saffarids of Sistan”, Iranian Studies 30/i-ii (1997), pp. 163-7

30. “Emirs mongols et vizirs persans”, Annales Islamologiques, Bulletin Critique 14 (Cairo 1998), pp. 110-13

31. “The Cambridge History of Egypt”, T.L.S. no. 5061 (31 March 2000), pp. 4-6

32. “Persian historiography”, T.L.S. no. 5072 (16 June 2000), pp. 32-3

33. “Mojmal-i Rashvand”, Abstracta Iranica, 20-21 (1998-9) [2000], pp. 121-2

34. “The chastisement in the Ilkhanid period (in Persian)”, Abstracta Iranica, 20-21 (1998-9) [2000], p. 96

35. “Persian historiography”, J.R.A.S. 10/iii (2000), pp. 397-9

36. “The History of the World Conqueror”, Iranian Studies 32/iii (Summer 1999 [2000]), pp. 435-7

37. “Qaidu”, Bulletin critique des Annales Islamologiques, 16 (2000), pp. 94-5

38. “Handlist of Persian Manuscripts”, Iranian Studies 33/i-ii (Winter-Spring 2000 [2001]), pp. 236-8

39. “Hafiz Abru, Jughrafiya (in Persian)”, Abstracta Iranica 22 (1999) [2001], p. 95

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