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Faculty of Asian and Middle Eastern Studies



  • Sáenz-Badillos, A. A History of the Hebrew Language, trans. J. Elwolde, Cambridge University Press, 1993.

Biblical Hebrew Language

First-year teaching is based on:

  • Ross, Allen P. Introducing Biblical Hebrew. Grand Rapids, MI: Baker Academic, 2001. Print.

Students should have learnt the writing system by time of arrival. For acquisition of basic vocabulary and writing system,  students may find useful:

  • Buth, R.J. 2003. Living Biblical Hebrew for Everyone. Vol. 1. Jerusalem: Biblical Language Center.

Modern Hebrew

First-year teaching is based on:

  • Ringvald, V. et. al., Brandeis Modern Hebrew: Ivrit beHeqsher. Waltham, MA: Brandeis University Press.

For acquisition of basic vocabulary and writing system, the student may find useful:

  • The Learnables: Hebrew

Other Suggested Reading

  • Alter, R. Modern Hebrew Literature, Behrman House, 1975.
  • Alter, R. The Art of Biblical Narrative, revised edition, Hachette, 2011.
  • Blau, J. 2010. Phonology and Morphology of Biblical Hebrew (Linguistic Studies in Ancient West Semitic 2). Winona Lake, IN: Eisenbrauns.
  • Carmi, T. The Penguin book of Hebrew Verse, Allen Lane, London, 1981.
  • Harshav, B. Language in Time of Revolution, University of California Press, 1993.
  • Eagleton, T. Literary Theory: An Introduction, Basil Blackwell, 1983
  • Friedman, R.E., Who wrote the Bible? Jonathan Cape, 1988.
  • Halkin, S. Modern Hebrew Literature, Schocken, 1970.
  • Katz, J. Exclusiveness & Tolerance: Jewish-Gentile Relations in Medieval and Modern Times, Schocken, 1962.
  • Shaked, G. Eight Great Hebrew Short Novels, New American Library, 1983.

Students are encouraged to read as many translated modern Hebrew works as possible, especially works by: A. Appelfeld, D. Grossman, A. Oz and A. B. Yehoshua.