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Faculty of Asian and Middle Eastern Studies

Below is a list of current Japanese Studies PhD and MPhil students and a brief description of their research


Tom Booth
Supervisor: Professor Mickey Adolphson

Understanding the Causes and Motivations of the Tokusei Protests 1428-1467

The tokusei protests (lit. virtuous governance) were a series of rural protests that occurred throughout the Kinai region of Japan between 1428 and 1467. Rural communities marched on Kyoto and Nara demanding a clearance of personal debts and a reduction in annual tax; when refused, they destroyed the property of temples and moneylenders. Military intervention by the shogunate against the protesters ignited a series of uprisings throughout the region. The origins of these protests have exclusively been understood in structural terms: socio-economic deprivation, political opportunity and the mobilising force of the packhorse drivers have been highlighted as the principle causes of the protests. This methodology has downplayed considerations of agency: what motivated, rather than stimulated, the rural population to rise up? Using insights from social psychology, this project aims to shed light on the identity of the tokusei protester and question how they articulated and interacted with the context of fifteenth century rural Japan.


Rashaad Eshack
Supervisor: Professor Barak Kushner

Rashaad’s research examines the ways that education impacts Japanese diasporic identity construction in Japanese-American, Nikkei, communities. He aims to develop a transnational, historical dissection of the international, national, and community forces that influence the formation of education systems available to Japanese-American children, and the ways in which those schools impact migrant identity. To that end, and in order to transcend a bilateral US-Japan focus in Japanese diaspora studies, he incorporates sources from the US, Japan, and Latin America.


Freddie Feilden
Supervisor: Dr Laura Moretti

Freddie is looking at strategies of adaptation in 19th-century Japanese popular literature, with a particular focus on picturebook genres such as yomihon and gōkan. Through analysing the transformations in content and format, he aims to clarify the connections between narrativity, temporality, text and image on the page - ultimately as a means of considering what these creative rewritings may tell us about the relationship between commercial publication and the evolution of readership from late Edo through into the Meiji period.

Andrew Fischer
Supervisor: Prof Mickey Adolphson

Trusted Turncoats: Loyalty and Lordship in Sixteenth-Century Japan

Andrew’s research project is concerned with loyalty and lordship in sixteenth-century Japan. His primary subjects are the Hosokawa, who served under the Ashikaga shoguns as well as all three of the so-called “unifiers,” Oda Nobunaga, Toyotomi Hideyoshi, and Tokugawa Ieyasu.

Andrew is a Harding Distinguished Postgraduate Scholar and completed his undergraduate studies in Japanese Language and Culture at Washington University in St. Louis. He also studied at the Inter-University Center for Japanese Language Studies in Yokohama as a Nippon Foundation Fellow.

Chae Kyoun HA (CK)
Supervisor: Dr John Nilsson-Wright

CK’s research investigates the postwar development of diplomatic relations between Japan, Korea and countries in Southeast Asia with a focus on the differences between ASEAN-Japan relations and Korea-Japan relations, particularly concerning their attitudes toward wartime history.


Choongil (Peter) Hanjavascript:void(0)
Supervisor: Dr John Nilsson-Wright

Peter’s research interest is on the Korean unification question with a specific focus on North Korea’s unification program in the 1980s. His PhD research investigates how international, domestic and South Korean situation influenced Pyongyang’s approach toward unification. Peter is a Gates Cambridge scholar and serves as a member of the National Unification Advisory Council UK.



On I Lamjavascript:void(0)
Supervisor: Prof Barak Kushner

"Sewing the Red Flag: The Inter-Party Relationship between the Chinese Communist Party and the Japanese Communist Party (1950-1958)"
On I's doctoral project researches the inter-party relationship between the Chinese Communist Party (CCP) and the Japanese Communist Party (JCP) in the 1950s by investigating the 1950 issue within the framework of the history of Sino-Japan relations, the international communist movement and the Cold War. The study aims to explore details of the CCP-JCP interactions and consider if there existed a pattern of interactions. Furthermore, it reveals the roles of the United States and the Soviet Union in consolidating and splitting the two parties and explores the heritages the Cold War left to East Asia and the world.

Helen Magowan
Supervisor: Dr Laura Moretti

Nyohitsu - the construction of femininities through writing
Helen is investigating women’s writing in premodern Japan. Japanese writing, its calligraphic scripts, letterforms, vocabulary and expression, had gendered aspects which affected - and continue to affect - the manner and form in which people express themselves. My research focusses on manuals published in the 17th century teaching women how to write in a ‘feminine’ mode, asking what they tell us about femininities in the early-modern period.


Mina Marković
Supervisor: Professor Barak Kushner

Imperial and Post-imperial Japan and population policies


Mina’s research will look at connections between Japanese political and legal history and demographics. The research aims to show how Japan’s rapid modernisation post-1868 affected the livelihood of individuals in terms of migration and reproduction. Japanese history will be examined from the perspective of state and nation building during imperial times and through government plans for reconstruction and population in post-war Japan.

Guy Pinnington
Supervisor: Dr Vicky Young

Guy’s research uses literature to address attitudes to Zainichi Koreans in postwar Japan; paying particular attention to 2nd generation Zainichi author Yang Seok-il. In his PhD Guy will expand on this and examine the interrelationship between three writers: Yang Seok-il, Kim Sok-pom, and Yi Hoesong, and scrutinise the ways in which they have come to create the canon of Zainichi Korean literature through writings.


Reyhan Silingar
Supervisor: Professor Barak Kushner

Reyhan’s research explores the transwar and transnational framing of Japan’s “imperial house diplomacy” through a political and diplomatic history of Emperor Hirohito's, as well as other imperial family members', diplomatic missions across the world. Drawing on newly opened archives, memoirs, and primary source materials in Japan, Britain, the U.S., the Netherlands, Belgium, France, and Turkey, she aims to contribute to rethinking the historical evolution of the symbolic monarchy, the postwar persistence of monarchical diplomacy, and the place of the ex-imperial nobility in the new, postwar Japanese state.


Chui-Jun Tham
Supervisor: Professor Mickey Adolphson

Ruling the Dead: Spirit Pacification and Regime Legitimation in Japan and China c.1350-1650

Spirit pacification was a practice that reinforced the ruler’s role as protector of the polity from all threats, including the supernatural, and in Japan, also served to put blame for societal ills on the ruler’s enemies. Due to questions of terminology within and between the fields of scholarship on spirit pacification in China and Japan, the persistent and important link between spirit pacification practice and regime legitimation in the years c.1350-1650 has been overlooked. By setting aside terminology and redefining spirit pacification according to the core features of the practice, the proposed dissertation seeks to write a history of spirit pacification as a mentality and an ideology. In doing so, it has two aims: to investigate how spirit pacification played into regime legitimation, and how its role changed, but did not disappear entirely across the late medieval and early modern periods; and to explore the existence of a common, regional imaginary regarding the dead in East Asia.

Weijun Xu
Supervisor: Dr John Nilsson-Wright

My research focuses on the influence of nationalism on foreign policies. I’m trying to explain why a country/region whose regime legitimacy largely depends on nationalism sometimes adopt policies that are not in line with nationalist opinions when it falls into disputes with another country/region? And I mainly concern about the countries and regions in East Asia.



Jie Yang
Supervisor: Dr John Nilsson-Wright

Morality in East Asian Politics


Jie’s research explores whether morality plays a role in state interaction with one another in the East Asian region; and if it does, what are the specific moral principles and whether they are different with moral principles discussed in conventional (Western) International Relation Theory.



Jonathan Yeung
Supervisor: Professor Barak Kushner

Jonathan intends to investigate how nationalistic identities developed amongst a Chinese student community in Tokyo of the early 20th century. By examining student publications as well as official documents and records, Jonathan hopes to place the students’ explorations of identity in a global context, and elucidate the impact of the students’ experience of Japan on wider events happening in China.



Mariah Zhong
Supervisor: Prof Barak Kushner

Cooperators and Competitors: China’s Strong Nation and Japan’s Imperial Legacy 1970-1995





Leon Wiggenhauser 

Supervisor: Prof Mickey Adolphson
Leon Wiggenhauser

Determination Through Faith: Rural Buddhist Gatherings at the Heart of the Ikkō Ikki

Leon’s research is focused on the ikkō ikki, popular uprisings set in 15th/16th century Japan, which were unique in their connection to the Buddhist Jōdo-Shinshū faith whilst actively seeking to dismantle social structures and redistribute power.

By looking at Shinshū gatherings that took place in rural villages throughout Japan’s Hokuriku region, Leon aims to offer insights into the religious experience of commoners involved in the uprisings, ultimately leading to the question whether the individual’s faith was a driving force in their taking up arms.

Naomi Watanabe

Supervisor: Prof Barak Kushner

The Cultural Revival of Japanese Military Songs (Gunka) in Postwar Japan and the Aesthetics of Cherry Blossom (Sakura) Imagery.

My research examines the cultural revival of Japanese military songs (gunka) in postwar Japan with a specific focus on the aesthetics of cherry blossom (sakura) imagery. In looking at how these songs were rehabilitated and reappropriated as “wholesome entertainment” in the turbulent years of the 1950s, 1960s, and 1970s, as well in contemporary society, my research draws attention to the continuing existence of gunka in present-day Japan and highlights the potential dangers of these songs being transformed into powerful tools of propaganda in the event of shifting sociopolitical conditions.